Architecture March 17, 2020
Centre De Congres A Mons Architecture Design And Art People Also Love These Ideas.
Once a medieval city on a hill in the French-speaking part of Belgium, Mons later became a center of heavy industry. Now it wants to reinvent itself as a visitor destination and business hub. The grandly named Mons International Congress Xperience (MICX) by Studio Libeskind and H2a Architecte & Associés is a visually striking statement of intent for the city’s business community.
Throughout 2015, Mons will be a European Capital of Culture, along with Pilsen in the Czech Republic. The program’s aim is to stage events, open or improve cultural buildings, and generally throw a spotlight on urban regeneration. Several building projects that Mons had planned, such as new and refurbished museums, are delayed, while the main gateway to the city, a rail station designed by Santiago Calatrava, has barely started on-site. But the MICX opened bang on time in early January, following a 2010 design competition and a construction start in June 2012.
For Daniel Libeskind, this is a relatively low-budget, generic building type familiar in most cities: the conference center. It’s the usual mix of auditoria, meeting rooms, large foyers and events space. But nobody hires Libeskind to produce a dumb box certainly not a city wanting to draw attention to itself. The mayor of Mons, former Belgian Prime Minister Elio di Rupo, wanted a landmark to start the regeneration of the postindustrial land between the railway and the River Haine, overlooked by the old city. Libeskind duly tossed out some vigorous shapes.
The form of the concrete-framed building is expressed as two interlocking spirals one clad in widely spaced timber strakes over a black waterproof membrane, the other in pale bronze aluminium slats of the same dimensions. The curving forms swoosh past and through each other, the aluminium one culminating in a familiar Libeskind motif, the caged viewing platform.
At the MICX opening, Libeskind was at pains to point out the tight constraints of the project. He wasn’t making excuses; on the contrary, he seemed proud of the fact that his kind of architecture can work on a municipal budget. “It’s a public building–we had to be wise with the resources we had,” he said. “In a design-build project, you have to be very flexible.” Construction costs came to $25 million for a three-level building totaling 135,000 square feet, with a parking garage beneath. A green roof, 1,725 square feet of photovoltaic cells, a geothermal heating system, lots of insulation, and, when the time comes, a direct pedestrian link to Calatrava’s rail station have helped the conference center achieve Belgium’s B Valideo status, the equivalent of LEED Gold.
For Libeskind, creating promenade spaces both indoors and out—was an important way of adding value to the project and making it more attractive for the people attending events there. “It’s good to have people dominating the building, rather than the building dominating the people,” he remarked. Consequently, he brought plenty of daylight into the entrance lobby, made it huge, and complemented it with a showpiece stair, a piece of architecture in itself, with a spacious half-landing intended for hanging out. Breakout areas where people can socialize continue on the outside of the building on timber-decked terraces with views across to Mons’s historic baroque belfry building and an outdoor ramp up to the green roof and the viewing platform on the prow.
Studio Libeskind spent money at key points in the building–for instance, on the excellent auditorium seating, designed by the firm with an Art Deco touch, and made with an orange fabric, and on the local bluestone, familiar from the street paving in many a Belgian city, used here on the main stairs and in the geometric cross-hatching of the polished concrete floors in common areas. In contrast, meeting rooms are very plain.
MICX is by no means a first-rank Libeskind building. If this were fashion, you might call it a bridge line. But that’s okay, because there is a hierarchy to all buildings, and a good architect should work at all price points. The detailing may not be exquisite and the external form distinctly willful, but this is honest, not cynical architecture. In global terms, it’s no Guggenheim Bilbao. But bookings for events are flooding in, and, for Mons, that may be enough.